1870 U.S. census of Ward 5, Terre Haute, Ind.
According to the 1870 census of Ward 5, Terre Haute, Ind., Alice was the daughter of John & Mary McCullough. John was a cooper (barrel or cask maker or repairer) from Pennsylvania.
If Alice's age on this census is correct (10 years old), she was only 15 or 16 when she married Robert in 1875.
After the death of his father (who is buried in Terre Haute) Robert Mugge, an asthma sufferer, decided to go south to Cuba.3 He and his brother-in-law probably boarded a schooner in Mobile, which was to take them to Cuba via Tampa. (He probably sailed on a schooner run by James McKay, who had a shipping line between Mobile and Tampa in those years.)
The ship remained in Tampa for a few days to unload its cargo, giving Mugge enough time to see the town. He liked Tampa well enough to decide to settle here4 and so he did in 18775. Robert and William's wives in Indiana followed after about 3 years, probably to allow their husbands to establish their home site and businesses.6
Robert was a watchmaker, his brother-in-law was a tailor, so they decided to go into business together as a sideline and opened a grocery and general merchandise store. They bought a quarter of a block of land located at the northwest corner of the intersection of Marion and Jackson streets.7 According to records in the courthouse, they paid $50 for it. There they built a two-story wooden building.8 The store faced Marion Street with rooms for rent on the second floor. The families lived in another two-story building in the rear facing Jackson Street.
3According to Margaret Regener Hunter in Robert Mugge, Pioneer Tampan.
4Margaret Regener Hunter says Robert's family came along with him on the trip to Cuba with a layover in Tampa. The 1880 census shows both men living by themselves in Tampa. It is not known why Mrs. Hunter believes they came to Tampa by 1875.
5Mrs. Hunter has them in Tampa by 1875, but Robert's great-grandson, Robert E. Mugge, has come into possession of the first edition of his great-grandfather's memoirs, which is the source of the 1877 date.
6Mrs. Hunter says "His folks in Indiana followed shortly thereafter," but no other Mugge family member besides Robert and his brother-in-law is listed on the census of 1880 in Tampa, not even his wife or sons.
7Mrs. Hunter states the property was on the northeast corner, which is incorrect. It was the northwest corner of the intersection of Jackson and Marion, or the southeast corner of the BLOCK bound by Jackson, Marion, Monroe (Florida Ave.) and Lafayette (Kennedy Blvd.) See Sanborn maps below.
8Mrs. Hunter also says Robert bought the lot. However, on the 1880 census, William is the head of house and Robert is listed as a boarder (column 6 "Relationship to head of house), an unusual arrangement for Robert to be the tenant if he paid entirely for the property and construction of the house. The term "Boarder" should be listed in column 6 if there was no family relationship to the head of house. It should have read "brother-in-law".)
1880 Census, Hillsborough Co., Town of Tampa
Their nine children were:
Robert Mugge 1900 U.S. Census in Tampa - 302 Marion St.
The 1900 US Census shows Robert Mugge living at 302 Marion St. in Tampa. It shows he was born in Jan. of 1854 in Germany and was age 46. It shows that he immigrated in 1860, had been in the US for 40 years and was a naturalized citizen, but this information appears to be inaccurate, possibly given by Caroline who was his 2nd wife. Ship passenger records of the SS Iowa show he arrived in 1870. See a portion of the list. He was married to Caroline for 17 years who was the mother of 8 children, with 7 living at the time. Robert's business was "Saloon business." Robert & Caroline's children were listed as Louise, Eugene, Frances, Albert (August), Lannie (Melanie), Martha and Willie (William, age 5 mos.).
In the ensuing years, Robert Mugge literally helped build Tampa. He was the first to put up street lights in the neighborhood of his home in 1884, he owned a bottling plant near his home, built an electric light plant, and ice manufacturing plant (he bottled for Anheuser-Busch) on Central Ave., and opened the first legal distillery in Florida at Cass St. and Central Ave. Mugge became a successful beer distributor for Anheuser-Busch, and successful liquor and wine wholesaler, as well as being a watchmaker and saloon operator.
E. (Eugene) Mugge Wholesale Liquors at 4190 E. Hillsborough Ave., 1935 (above) and 1937 (below)
ROBERT MUGGE AND THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR, 1898
In 1898, during the Spanish-American War, American troops were brought to Tampa by rail and they marched up Franklin Street to the northern part of the city where many were encamped. The camp was in the neighborhood of Michigan Avenue (now Columbus Drive). The soldiers were mostly volunteers from the west and were commanded by General Shafter, who had his headquarters in the Tampa Bay Hotel. Robert Mugge built a large saloon in an orange grove near the camp. The contractor had to build the entire structure in one day, including fixtures. The counter had a length of 80 feet and the soldiers were served by eight bartenders. It was open at all times and was known as the "Noah’s Ark."
Rough Riders listening to a service delivered by chaplain Henry A. Brown, with Theodore Roosevelt, Leonard Wood, Joseph Wheeler and other officers standing next to the tree in the right of the photograph.
When Tampa was first mentioned as an embarkation for the troops, Robert Mugge, who owned the franchise for selling August Busch's Budweiser beer on Florida's west coast, anticipated the arrival of 30,000 potential customers, courtesy of the U. S. government. He wired the Anheuser-Busch main office for a trainload of beer. An indignant Busch wired back: "There will not be a war and we do not sell beer by the trainload." But there was a war and he got beer by the trainload, and he sold every drop of it. The "Green Goose Saloon" in Port Tampa also was supplied. The soldiers embarked from Port Tampa for Cuba, in all about 50,000 men. On the day the treaty was signed in August, the Noah’s Ark was destroyed by fire.
Robert Mugge - The Man
In 1908 he wrote a book, in conjunction with Captain John R. Jones of Anna Maria Key, entitled "Practical Humanity." The book was published. The Library of Congress is unaware of any copyright restrictions for this item.
This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. It was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work.
This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work.
Excerpt from Practical Humanity: A Suggestion for the Destruction of Poverty, the Curbing of Cupidity, and the Lessening of Crime:
Good old Mother Nature can be made to produce an abundance to supply every human being on earth, with all the necessaries of life, all the comforts and not a few of the luxuries. Read this little book and learn how.
CHRISTMAS IN FEBRUARY
"It is told that Mr. Mugge operated the only store here which dealt in Christmas toys and such articles. One holiday season he had ordered his usual shipment from Mobile, which was to come forward by schooner. The Christmas ship was caught in a storm and was damaged so badly that it was necessary for it to go into dry dock for several weeks, missing its trip to Tampa. As Christmas approached and no consignment of toys had been received, nor any possibility for receiving them was held out, it was decided to postpone Christmas. Many native Tampans or old time residents of the city remember the postponed Christmas. The ship finally arrived along in February, according to Sheriff W. C. Spencer, who was a child at the time and upon whose mind the delayed celebration was greatly impressed. With the receipt of Christmas goods by Mugge’s store, arrangements were made for an unseasonal visit of Santa Claus, and Christmas went off just as if the ship had been on time and Santa had made his usual rounds on December 25.
end newspapers http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075924/00181/1x?search=mugge
obert Mugge died on Dec. 17, 1915, at age 63, and was buried in a newly acquired family plot in Woodlawn Cemetery. The funeral was reported to be one of the largest ever held in Tampa and was held from the family home on a Sunday morning. Robert Mugge devoted his life to the building of Tampa which he loved so well. He would invest every dollar he made in Tampa thereby giving employment to thousands of breadwinners. He was a law-abiding citizen and would not tolerate any violation of any kind by his employees. He and his estate in later years paid well over $1,000,000 in City and County taxes in addition to a large number of occupational licenses. Upon his death, The Tampa Tribune published this eulogy:
AUGUST BREMER MUGGE
August B. Mugge was born in Tampa on Sept. 10, 1890. He had unusual educational advantages, both in this country and in Germany. After a few years in the public schools of Tampa, his father sent him to Germany at the age of 13, and he spent ten years as a student in the technical training courses of the universities of Darmstadt and Stuttgart, graduating from both of these world-famous institutions. He was trained in these colleges as an engineer and an architect.
Returning to Tampa, Mr. Mugge entered business with his father and was in position to succeed him in the management of his numerous interests when the elder Mr. Mugge died in 1915.
In 1922, Caroline Mugge and three of her daughters moved into a new home on Hills Avenue in Hyde Park. The family home and buildings on Marion and Jackson Streets were demolished and a two-story brick building was erected on this property. The building was leased to a Ford Agency for ten years. Presently, 1989, a ground level parking lot is located on this property.
The story behind the painting of Robert Mugge
At the time the Bay View Hotel was completed, Robert Mugge installed bowling alleys and pool tables on his property on Franklin Street. On a Sunday morning in 1915, a photographer appeared and wished to take a picture of the alleys. On the finished picture, in the left-hand corner, appeared Robert Mugge reading the newspaper. This being the only picture of Mr. Mugge known to be in existence, the photographer enlarged the picture and shaded in the background dark. A few years following Mr. Mugge’s death, his son August Mugge observed some paintings of former Tampa mayors on the walls of various council chambers. He secured the name of the artist from former Mayor D.B. McKay. A German artist, Wilhelm Teschner, was given permission to paint, in oil, this enlarged picture at a cost of $25. The artist had received small advances on the promised $25 and when the picture was finished the family was so well pleased they gave him an additional $75. A few months later the artist’s body was found in an attic in Ybor City, with a brush and palette in his hands. He must have died of a heart attack. Since the artist had no relatives, the City of Tampa provided a lot in Woodlawn Cemetery and friends donated money to pay for funeral expenses. A Methodist minister officiated.
The above comes from the Sunland Tribune, Journal of the Tampa Historical Society, Vol. 15, Nov. 1989. "Robert Mugge, Pioneer Tampan, by Margaret Regener Hunter. Margaret Regener Hurner is a granddaughter of Robert Mugge.
She used as sources, Information taken from: "Memoirs " a biography of Robert Mugge, authored by his son, August B. Mugge. Also from the book "Tampa" by Karl H. Grismer, and various newspaper clippings over the years.
UPDATE - Jan. 21, 2018
Robert Mugge, world renowned music filmmaker, great grandson of Tampa businessman Robert Mugge, has located a family photo of his great grandfather which casts doubt on the Burgert/Tony Pizzo photo shown below. At right is the real, young Robert Mugge. You can see there isn't any resemblance to the Burgert/Pizzo photo.
This portrait at left supposedly taken by the Burgert Brothers photographers in 1899 is part of the Tony Pizzo collection at the University of Florida Digital Collections, George A. Smathers Library.
The photo was originally
described as "A Portrait of Robert Hugge" but upon contacting the
librarian, a re-check of the back of the photo revealed that "Hugge"
was a typo and it was indeed "Mugge." Although the title was
corrected, the citation still carries "Hugge" in the title.
See the citation and link to the full size photo here.
photo was taken in
1899. It shows "Robert Mugge Corner" in
At right is an enlargement of the sign posted on the corner of the building, it appears to read "Anheuser Busch, Pale Lager Beer."
Robert Mugge's great-grandson, Robert Mugge, is an accomplished veteran music filmmaker known the world over. He's received countless honors and accolades for his work in the music documentary film industry and is holder of the Edmund F. and Virginia B. Ball Chair in Telecommunications at Ball State University.
If you're wondering how to
pronounce his surname, he says it's pronounced "Muggy, like the
At right, Robert and his
wife/production partner Diana Zelman at the
Don't miss Robert's website at www.robertmugge.com!
Robert Mugge, Pioneer Tampan by Margaret Regener. Hurner, granddaughter of Robert Mugge
Historic photos courtesy of
USF Special Collections Digital Archives
University of Florida Digital Collections, George Smathers Library
Burgert Brothers Collection, HCPLC
Library of Congress Digital Collections